Skin pigmentation refers to darkened areas of colour in the skin including freckles, blotchy discolouration from sun exposure, age spots also known as lentigos and hormonal pigment known as melasma. Treating pigmentation is tricky business, so prevention is far greater than cure.
To prevent pigmentation, sun protection and avoidance is critical because UV radiation stimulates pigment-producing cells known as melanocytes which make the pigment melanin. This gets passed onto the skin cells known as keratinocytes in the epidermis. If it gets dispersed evenly then it appears as a tan. If it gets dispersed unevenly and in clumps it appears as freckles and blotchy pigment or sunspots. Repetitive sun exposure reprograms the melanocytes so they become hypersensitive and over reactive to even small amounts of the sun’s UV rays and the pigment they make clumps irregularly together.
The best way to treat pigment is not to get it in the first place with strict sun protection and sun avoidance from a very young age. Once we have it our skin is then programmed to want to make it with even when you have minimal sun exposure. It is said that 75% of our lifetime of UV exposure happens before we are 20. It’s these earlier years of exposure that programs our skin for the rest of our life.
That’s not to say once your skin is damaged we can’t reverse or improve the pigmentation.
For complete treatment of pigmentation visit your Dermatologist. However skincare forms an integral part of both preventing and helping fade pigment. Even if you have lasers and other modalities to treat the pigment you still have to invest in good skin care to maintain the results and prevent recurrence.
The second way to combat pigmentation is to block the enzymes inside the pigment production cell, the melanocyte. This enzyme is known as tyrosinase. The best blocker is hydroquinone, which is prescription only and can be prescribed by your Dermatologist.
Skin care can help in treating pigmentation by removing or exfoliating it from the skin with specific active ingredients. Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHA) and Beta Hydroxy Acids (BHA) are two of the gold standards and included in our MICROPEEL and CLARIFIER for this very reason.
Dr Natasha CookTM Cosmeceuticals CONCENTRATED MICROPEEL is a revolutionary intensive peel safe to use at home. With 28% Alpha and Beta Hydroxy Acids including Salicylic, Lactic, Glycolic, Citric & Malic Acids, this formulation is an effective treatment for temporary imperfections including blackheads, whiteheads and acne. Balanced by fruit extracts, these concentrated ingredients reduce fine lines and wrinkles, fade pigmentation and minimize pores.
Dr Natasha CookTM Cosmeceuticals CONCENTRATED CLARIFIER is a cell powerful renewing serum of therapeutic compounds that increases your skins metabolism and collagen. Featuring a precise blend of Alpha Hydroxy Acids including Bilberry, Orange, Lemon and Sugar Maple to refine, tone and smooth skin. Plus clinical strength Beta Hydroxy Acids (Salicylic acid) that gently exfoliates while assisting in removal of blackheads, whiteheads and breakouts. This effective combination results is reduced wrinkles and fine lines, improvement in tone and pigmentation and glowing radiant skin.